Beware of Coronavirus-themed Grandoreiro Malware Attacks Bank Customers Via Chrome Plugin
Researchers observed a massive campaign of Grandoreiro, a remote-overlay banking Trojan targets the large Spanish banking customers to empty their banking accounts via a fake chrome browser plugin.
Malspam campaign distributes Grandoreiro malware, tricked the users to run the COVID-19 themed videos to infect the user machine.
After that, it enables the fake chrome browser extension to steal the victim banking site cookies for fraudulent money transactions.
Grandoreiro Malware operators expanding the scope from Brazil to Spain banking customers
Eset Researchers observed fake websites abusing novel coronavirus themed video named “video-china02712.zip” targets brazil bank customers to infect with Grandoreiro banking trojan in February.
The remote-overlay malware began trending in Brazil in the year of 2014 and become the top financial malware threat across the Latin America region.
IBM X-Force researchers Observed the first stage of infection containing a URL that redirects to masked invoice files with a.msi extension placed in Github repository.
The loader fetches the second stage of Grandoreiro payload via hardcoded URL to download and infect the device.
Some sample images show that it also asks users to install a supposed security application as below:
Grandoreiro bot communicates with its C&C server using a communication algorithm, which generates the second part of the path as below, but this connection establishes based on the infected device’s set date has to match with a recent campaign date in order to successfully connect the C&C server. This gives an operational security feature on the attacker side and also C2 server is encrypted and transmitted over SSL protocol.
The malware writes a compressed archive file named ext.zip from which it will extract additional files, placing them into a directory under C:/%user%/*extension folder*/*.
The extracted files are modified versions of an existing, legitimate Google Chrome browser extension called Edit This Cookie.
In the next step to setup the fake browser, the new Chrome browser shortcut contains a “—load-extension” parameter to load the new extension upon starting the browser.
Here is an example of a target path of fake browser plugin:
“C:\Program Files (x86)\Google\Chrome\Application\chrome.exe” –load-extension=”%userprofile%\F162FD4091BD6D9759E60C3″
Since this malicious extension is trying to pass for a legitimate Chrome plugin, Grandoreiro’s developer named it “Google Plugin” version 1.5.0. Visually, it adds a square button to the browser window instead of the “cookie” button on the original plugin.
Using the modified extension, the attacker can collect user information from cookies. Some of the collected information includes the following fields:
Researchers suspect that the malware uses this extension to grab the victim’s cookies to make fraudulent money transactions. With this method, the attacker won’t need to continue controlling the victim’s machine.
Indicators of compromise (IoC):
2804007ed7e315cd468e265f93f6b19e680f0f0f 666299795f7ea6fda8a8b5aaf7a8287d6e427a8a caace6841a4ca5fde5c67e676d140ade 0ec58f736218541045fac6990e182700 08710023c219f26237a9c8de5454a1de17117a2da651b4391afce8e331f31dfa 3bbd2beaa7953543e3cfb09d064db83b11034ff81255429b82e2de40d661ee29 f235cab363958022d0194fa924742be4292932af0e39e98fe8baca4157acc981 e7788de1702a9accd5bbd3d3f1d1e5507c7739ec28857dd46d16b029f0c1c809 b1e4ae121886039ea865549d0cb81f1f954056545a5aec487a538ae5f616bb52 http://rebrand(.)ly/2ksdjpp http://13.72.105(.)98:443/APfunkdrawer.iso http://13.72.105(.)98:443/964CE715CF7BB75B.zip http://13.72.105(.)98/apfunkdrawer.iso