Internal Security and Disaster Management
Today, disasters are occurring at a remarkable rate with considerable greatness. The vicissitudes in the eco-systems due to infrastructural development, industrialization, the altering life styles and changing socio-cultural environment have a great impact on life. The multitude and magnitude of dangers have a contrary effect on the world.
India, like many other developing nations, faces multiple hazards – natural and human induced and its Prevention, Mitigation and Response Regimes are fragile at individual, community and administrative levels. This has caused considerable loss of life and property.
The changing nature of security has formulated the nation’s wellbeing. The current security issues had also question about the role of security forces, whose core objective was to protect and defend the nation from unwelcome interferences. Any disaster which disturbed the Country’s economic, institution, day to day life or in short- the wealth of the nation, threatened the national Security. A disaster not only hampers the nation’s security, but also has a huge global impact. The subject of disaster management is a multi-discipline issue, eventually impacting the national security and, in turn, the national interests. This subject needs to be given due importance. It is also a dire need that has multitude of implications.
Disaster Management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and Private Security Agencies Model Rules, 2020.
Private security agencies get relief for multi-state operations
After being made part of the essential services during lockdown, private security agencies have been given a broader mandate by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) by framing the Private Security Agencies Model Rules, 2020. They will no longer be required to obtain “separate police verification and training” while operating in “multiple states” and can have any “designations except ones in armed forces, CAPFs (central armed police forces) and state police, according to the rules.
The earlier rules (of 2006) only allowed two designations – ‘guard’ and ‘supervisor’. “There are more than 13,000 registered agencies engaged in providing private security that are expected to generate more than nine million jobs,” said a government official, who did not wish to be identified. “The total strength of police and paramilitary forces across states is estimated to be two million. It was during the lockdown that private security agencies were brought into the essential services to aid the Police Force.”
As per the new rules, the antecedents of agencies and their directors can now be verified using the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) and Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS). “The digital verification can be done by the controlling authority in the state where the private agency is applying for the licenses. We have also reduced the time limit to 15 days from 90 days for completion of verification,” said the official.
Similarly, the process of granting licenses by the state agencies will have to be completed within 60 days, as per the new rules. Under the 2006 rules, the owners of private security agencies had to undergo training on subjects such as internal security and disaster management while applying for another license in another state. Now, the requirement for training after the first license has been done away with.
Certification Program on Internal Security and Disaster Management
Internal Security and Disaster Management is a 6 months training and certification program designed and conducted by International College for Security Studies (ICSS). The course modules are frame on the basis of the Private Security Agencies Model Rules, 2020. After completion of this program, the owners of security agencies can know the major aspects of Internal Security and Disaster Management. The program has been developed through inputs from the industry and experts in the private security field. The faculty comprises of experienced trainers available permanently at the centre and also subject matter experts as visiting faculty. The teaching pedagogy includes theory, practical, case studies, role plays, study material, internship, etc to keep the learning experiential and collaborative.
- M-1: Introduction to Internal Security and Disaster Management
- M-2: Key Concepts of Internal Security and Disaster Management
- M-3 Maintenance of Internal Security
- M-4 Understanding Natural and Manmade Disasters
- M-5 Risk Assessments, Vulnerability & Preparedness Analysis
- M-6 Cyber Crime and Data Protection
- M- 7: Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS)
- M- 8: Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)
- M-9: MHA and Private Security Agencies Model Rules, 2020
- M- 10: Disaster Management: Planning, Reconstruction and Recovery